Image["Bronze Mask of a Satyr"]

Both locally produced and imported vessels were found in the graves at Vani; often side by side within the same grave. The inclusion of an imported vessel in a burial would indicate the wealth and status of the deceased.

Imports such as Attic kantharoi (drinking vessels) provide evidence of active commerce with mainland Greece; while silver vessels, such as situlae (buckets) and phialai (shallow drinking cups), show a strong stylistic connection from Persia. These vessels were often also made of precious materials, such as gold and silver.

Objects of this kind, found in graves, provide valuable information about local wine drinking practices. For example, the absence of larger containers, such as kraters, commonly used for mixing wine with water, suggests that wine was served in the Persian, rather than the Greek, manner; undiluted and in smaller situlae.

Wine vessels were also found in religious contexts at Vani. Examples include amphorae found in a small sanctuary near the city gate and in the sanctuary dedicated to viticulture and (by the Hellenistic period) to Dionysos.

The Fitzwilliam Museum : Viticulture

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